Newark Liberty International Airport has two parallel runways, 4R-22L and 4L-22R, and a crosswind runway, 11-29. All runways have high-intensity edges, center lights and taxiway leadoff lights. All runway surfaces are grooved to improve traction in wet weather, and all have Land and Hold Short Operation (LAHSO) lighting.
Runway 4R-22L is 9,980 feet long by 150 feet wide, and is used primarily for landings. Runway 4R is equipped with a Category II Instrument Landing System (ILS) and a full, 2,400-foot, Category II Approach Lighting System with sequenced flashers (ALSF2). Runway 22L also has a Category I ILS and Approach Lighting System (MALSR). There are edge, centerline and touchdown zone lighting systems on the runway, and centerline lighting on taxiways. Takeoffs are permitted with visibility above one-eighth of a mile. Landings on runway 4R are permitted with visibility above one-eighth of a mile, and landings on 22L are permitted with visibility above one-half of a mile.
Runway 4L-22R is 11,000 feet long by 150 feet wide, 950 feet west of and parallel to runway 4R-22L. Runway 4L is equipped with an ILS and Approach Lighting System (MALSR). Runway 22R is equipped with a Precision Approach Path Indicator (PAPI), a Runway End Identifier Light System (REILS) and an ILS (MALSR). Takeoffs are permitted with visibility as low as one-eighth of a mile. Landings on runway 4L are permitted with visibility above one-half of a mile. Runway 22R may be approached by VOR/DME.
Runway 11-29 is 6,800 feet long and 150 feet wide. Runway 11 is equipped with VASI and an ILS system. Runway 29 is equipped with PAPI and REIL at both ends.
Taxiways: More than 12 miles of 75-foot-wide taxiways, entirely equipped with centerline lighting, link the three runways with the central terminal and cargo areas. Taxiways also have erosion control pavement on each side.